A photo in the Dec. 9, 1945 edition of The Los Angeles Times. The caption reads: “POSTHUMOUS TRIBUTE — Gen. Joseph W. Stillwell, left, raises hand in salute as he approaches cottage near Santa Ana where resides the family of Staff Sgt. Kazuo Masuda, Japanese-American soldier killed in Italy. On porch are, from left: Pfc. Masao Masuda, hero’s brother; George and Tamae Masuda, his parents; Mary Masuda, his sister; and Mitsuo Masuda, another brother. General pinned Distinguished Service Cross on the hero’s sister.”
By MARY ADAMS URASHIMA
(Editor’s note: Services for Masao Frank Masuda, 100, were held on Dec. 16. Preceded in death by his wife, Lily, he leaves behind a son, Marvin; daughter-in-law, Donna; daughter, Denice; granddaughter, Robyn; and several nieces, nephews, cousins and friends.)
“Acts of courage can be remembered for ages”, wrote columnist Stephen Greenhut 15 years ago, in November 1992, as he recalled R.C. Hoiles, publisher of The Santa Ana Register (later, Orange County Register and Freedom Communications). Hoiles bought the newspaper in 1935 with a guiding philosophy to “believe in moral principle and have enough courage to express these principles and point out practices and beliefs that violate moral principles.”
A photograph, circa 1945, of Masao Masuda in his Army uniform on a tractor at the family farm in Talbert, now Fountain Valley. (Photo © 2017, courtesy of Mary Urashima)
Greenhut provided an example of moral courage in his 1992 column by citing a recent visit by an 84-year-old Japanese American gentleman, Mas Masuda. He said Mas “showed up at the Register building looking to thank someone” for what R.C. Hoiles did for the Masuda family and others in the 1940s. The Santa Ana Register was one of the few newspapers to publicly oppose the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans, while other publications were stirring the pot of mistrust.
At the time, the Orange County Register staff would not have known they were speaking to a future Congressional Gold Medal honoree, but they knew the significance of the actions taken by R.C. Hoiles and the sacrifice of the Masuda family. Acts of courage seem to come second nature to the Masuda family, and Mas Masuda was no exception.
Mas was one of the four Masuda brothers who served in the U.S. military during World War II. He was 24 years old when his family was forcibly removed from California and sent to confinement in Jerome, Ark., and later, Gila River, Ariz. On the night of Dec. 7, 1941, the Orange County sheriff came for his father, Gensuke, at their Talbert (Fountain Valley) farm, while his wife, Tamae, and nine children watched.
Long a civic leader in Orange County, Gensuke had been among the Japanese pioneer community — including elders of the Wintersburg Mission — who helped fund a community school in Talbert in 1927. Gensuke and others in the Japanese American community had written a check, and provided equipment and food for children attending grammar school, prompting the teachers to voice their gratitude to The Santa Ana Register.
A photographic tribute to Masao Masuda at his memorial services at the Wintersburg Church, capturing moments from his life over the past century. At right, he stands with Los Angeles’ KABC Channel 7 news anchor David Ono at the annual Memorial Day program in 2015 at Westminster Memorial Park. (Photo © 2017 by Mary Urashima)
“It was so sudden,” Mas told Los Angeles Times reporter David Reyes in 1992, of that night on the Orange County farm on Dec. 7, 1941. “They loaded my dad and other parents who were Issei and put them on a bus. We asked where they were taking them, but they didn’t give us any answers.”
After first leaving for Fresno, the family was sent to Jerome, and later, to Gila River. While waiting to enter the U.S. military, Mas helped support the family by working in camp as a mechanic.
Mas was in the U.S. Military Intelligence Service (MIS), when he learned his brother, Kazuo, had been killed in action in Italy with the “Go For Broke” 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
It was while serving in the MIS that Mas learned of his sister, Mary, being threatened verbally and physically as the family began returning to Orange County from the Gila River camp in 1945. The threats by the Native Sons of the Golden West, or what The De Moines Register referred to as “town hoodlums,” prompted a stern response by the War Relocation Authority — and later, by Gen. Joe Stillwell — and made headlines across the country.
Masao Masuda, accompanied by his son Frank, receives recognition at the Orange County Agricultural and Nikkei Heritage Museum on the grounds of the Fullerton Arboretum on Jan. 15. (J.K. YAMAMOTO/Rafu Shimpo)
The Courier-Journal newspaper of Louisville, Ky., was more direct, with a headline “Gang last May menaced sister” on Dec. 9, 1945. The Courier-Journal reported a group of men had “attempted to terrorize” Mary Masuda and that ‘the War Relocation Authority listed her case as an ‘incident of planned terrorism’ against Japanese Americans in California.”
The Distinguished Service Cross is the second-highest military award that can be given to a member of the U.S. Army for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. Gen. Stillwell stated during the presentation of the medal that “the Distinguished Service Cross is only a little thing, but in making this presentation, we want to convey to you and your family the deep respect and admiration of every decent American.”
Private First Class Masao Masuda was at the family’s Talbert farmhouse, in uniform, as Gen. Stillwell presented posthumously the Distinguished Service Cross for his brother Kazuo. Future president Ronald Reagan — then an Army captain — was present at the ceremony. Reagan again remembered the Masuda family when signing the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, 40 years after the funeral services for Kazuo Masuda in the Wintersburg Japanese Church in Wintersburg Village — now Huntington Beach — in 1948.
The legacy of his brother Kazuo, the family’s bravery in the face of threats, and his own service during World War II in the MIS is something Masao Masuda carried for a lifetime as a point of honor. It is a reminder to have courage and stand one’s ground for moral principles, the sentiment voiced by The Santa Ana Register’s R.C. Hoiles when he defended the Masuda family.
Masao Masuda participates in the 2017 Memorial Day ceremony held by Kazuo Masuda Memorial VFW Post 3670 at Westminster Memorial Park, where his brother is buried. (J.K. YAMAMOTO/Rafu Shimpo)
When he returned to Orange County after World War II, Mas wanted to return to farming. HE gathered his family and constructed a large roadside farm stand that became a popular destination for the best of locally grown produce. Mas created a good life for his family, while continuing to take a leadership role in community affairs with the Japanese American Citizens League and the Veterans of Foreign Wars.
Mas got to see his brother honored as the namesake of Kazuo Masuda Middle School in Fountain Valley and for the Kazuo Masuda Memorial VFW Post 3670. He got to hear President Reagan speak about his family and their contributions and sacrifice at the signing of the Civi