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Coalition Turns Focus to Reauthorizing JACS Program

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and National JACL Executive Director David Inoue discuss the urgency of sustaining JACS grant funding and the relevancy of the Japanese American WWII incarceration historical narrative in today’s political arena. Floyd Mori (left) and Pelosi’s Policy Director Richard (Dick) Meltzer (right) look on. (Photo by Darrell Kunitomi)


WASHINGTON – Relieved by assurances from Congress that the remainder of the $38 million dedicated to the Japanese American Confinement Sites (JACS) program will be paid, members of the coalition seeking to preserve the funding are focusing on persuading lawmakers to reauthorize it for a new wave of projects.

During their meetings in Washington on Feb. 26-28, members of the Japanese American Confinement Sites Consortium focused on the need to preserve the program, which had been eliminated in one recent draft of the Trump Administration’s budget proposal. While the funding was soon restored, members of the coalition wanted to make sure the approximately $11 million left in the program was paid.

Norman Mineta, former secretary of commerce and transportation, told coalition members that they should try to capitalize on the support they received during their Capitol Hill meetings to seek a longer-term reauthorization.

A former incarceree at the Heart Mountain, Wyo., confinement site during World War II, Mineta also served for 20 years in the House of Representatives before leaving for private industry. He advised the coalition members on ways they can advocate for the program’s reauthorization.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-San Francisco) seemed supportive of a new authorization and urged the 40 coalition members who met in her office on Feb. 28 to continue to spread the word about their projects and the relevance of the Japanese American incarceration to today’s debates about immigration, refugees and the Trump Administration’s border separations policies.

Mineta urged the coalition to reach out to the leaders of the congressional committees that would reauthorize the program – Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) and Rep. Raul Grijalva (D-Ariz.). Both represent states connected to the incarceration, as Japanese Americans living in Alaska were incarcerated during the war, while Arizona was home to two camps – Gila River and Poston.

Created in 2006, the JACS program was authorized to spend $38 million to pay for various programs to rebuild parts of confinement sites as well as educate the public about the incarceration. In 2018, the program funded 40 projects worth $2.9 million, ranging from $13,464 for the Friends of Minidoka to digitize items in their collection to $398,272 to Full Spectrum Features to produce two documentaries about resistance to the military draft and the resettlement of incarcerees around the country during World War II.

So far, about $27 million of the JACS money has been spent, which gives the program about three more years left on its current funding level.

“This is the largest group of Japanese Americans to convene since the redress,” observes Seattle-based Stan Shikuma of the Tule Lake Committee at the JACSC de-briefing meeting on Feb. 28. From left: Dr. Ryan Yokota, Japanese American Service Committee (Chicago); Shikuma; Hanako Wakatsuki, Heart Mountain Wyoming Foundation; former U.S. Secretary of Transportation Norman Mineta. (Photo by Darrell Kunitomi)

JACS funded projects, FY 2018


Anaheim Public Library – Anaheim Japanese American Heritage Project, $38,833

Fred T. Korematsu Institute – “And Then They Came For Us” film, $100,579

The Internet Archive – Digital Library of Japanese American Incarceration, $47,624

Japanese American National Museum – Scouting in American Concentration Camps, $155,952

Japanese American National Museum – Stanley Hayami Diary, $331,779

Musical Traditions Inc. – “Both Eyes Only” chamber opera, $40,000

National Japanese American Historical Society – Camp Oral History Digital Collections, $119,750

National Japanese American Historical Society – We Are All Americans teacher project, $142,468

San Francisco Film Organization – United States Japanese Alien Camps of World War 2, $204,302

Stanford University – Office of Redress Administration Oral History Project, $72,871


Colorado Preservation Inc. – Amache Recreation Hall restoration, $290,344

University of Colorado Denver – Amache 3D digital documentation, $37,047


Friends of Minidoka – Digital repository project, $13,464

Friends of Minidoka – The Lessons of Minidoka documentary, $247,716


Full Spectrum Features – Resistance and resettlement documentaries, $398,272

Japanese American Service Committee – Bridging Voices project, $252,233


Smith College – The Art of Munio Makuuchi, $37,822


Oregon Nikkei Endowment – Preserving and sharing Minidoka collection, $67,155


Densho – Oral histories of resettlement and return, $112,688

Northwest Film Forum – Japanese American pilgrimage website, $194,101

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